Flower Circle Design On Grunge Background With Lace Ornament Royalty Free Cliparts, Vectors, And Stock Illustration. Image 17367258.
Clip Art Includes Royalty Free Backgrounds, Borders… Clip Art has been used in various forms since the middle of the last century. "Spot Illustrators" were hired by print publications, ad agencies, and so forth in the 1930's, 1940's and 1950's and into the 1980's to create quick, black and white visuals to accompaniment advertisements, articles, forums, short stories and other literary works that needed a graphic element to help draw the reader in. The earliest and most popular medium used to create clip art was pen and ink. Pen and ink or "Line Art" drawings, were created just as the name implies, with a dip or "nib" pen and an inkwell filled with black ink. The Artist, let's call him "Art Guy", would dip his pen into the inkwell, tap the surplus of ink on the rim of the bottle and using a steady hand, begin to draw his or her illustration. A high quality stock paper with a smooth finish, which included sometimes vellum, was and still is the choice of most artists. Some artists preferred to draw their subject matter with a pencil first to create a "template" in which to apply the ink on top of. Once the illustration was complete, it was left to dry on its own. To dry the ink more quickly, some artists used "Pounce" which is a fine powder sprinkled sparingly over the wet illustration. Pounce powder can be created using a variety of materials including sand, soapstone, talc and even finely ground salt. Pounce is also used by calligraphers. Once the illustration was dry, it was given to the Stat Camera operator and photographed in a darkroom to create film from the camera-ready artwork. Shaded or "half tone" black and white images could have been created from the all-black art using various dot pattern filters and then transferred to paper. Using this process, endless copies of the original artwork could have been created, much like the electronic copy machines invented many decades later. The paper copies were then trimmed and "cut to size" in preparation for the publication process and then "Art Guy" headed to the production room to do his cool "layout" thing! "Layouts" were created by combining text and images in a pleasant manner and adhering the various objects to rule paper. The rules helped the production artist align the images both horizontally and vertically. Printed using blue ink, the rules could not be photographed, thereby.